The town of Jizzakh lies at the northern foot of Nuratau mountains, in the southern part of the Hungry Steppe, near the Sanzar River. The town was founded in the 10th century as a staging post on the Silk Road. The trade route from Ustrushana passing through Jizzakh was one of the most important in the Silk Road for the Ustrushan nephritis, so popular in the West.
Jizzakh is located in the beautiful place. On the one hand there are severe mountains of Nurata, at the foot of which the Sanzar River flows, on the other hand there is the Hungry Steppe, which seems endless. The peculiar nature of Jizzakh features a variety of natural landscapes, which combine the unique elements of shape and climate. Favorable geographical conditions contributed to the foundation of ancient settlements and fortresses. Today you can find ruins of these settlements traveling along the Sanzar river.
Jizzakh could rightly be considered one of the busiest trade cities on the Silk Road. In the Middle Ages Mirasmand near Jizzakh was famous for the international bazaar trading with woolen fabrics and clothing, silk fabrics, jewelry and metal items and Ustrushan nephritis. For centuries, people have mined the iron ore in the Nuratau Mountains, so even today you can find remnants of ancient sites and settlements of the miners.
Jizzakh is translated from Sogdian as a fortress or small fort, which describes the history of this town. Jizzakh, like many other cities of Central Asia, had to endure a lot of conquests, but every time it was rebuilt. The Mongol invasion almost completely destroyed the fortresses of the town. During the reign of Tamerlane the town was rebuilt and became even greater than in former times. But it did not stop Sheybanikhan to destroy it during the conquest of Mawarannahr.
Today mountain woodland of Zaamin and Bakhmal with their breathtaking canyons and swift mountain streams are a paradise for active tourists and extreme enthusiasts.
Memorial Complex Sayd Ibn Abu Vakkos
Memorial Complex Sayd Ibn Abu Vakkos is located in the Avlie Gallaaralskiy district of Jizzak region. Memorial is a place of worship for thousands of faithful Muslims. This monument ensemble covers an area of 14 hectares and entire complex is divided into 2 parts. The first part includes a small lake and a holy spring. The natural beauty of this place is surprising the human eye. A large number of trees have turned the area of the lake in a large green park. On the banks of the lake found a large number of viewing zones from which you can admire the scenery of the place. The lake can be seen floating black fish that are considered as sacred and are listed in the Red Book of the Republic of Uzbekistan. The second part of the memorial complex forms towering over the mausoleum. It is known that Sayd Ibn Abu Vakkos was a resident of Mecca and he was appointed conductor of Hijra Arab troops that Caliph Umar ibn Hattob directed to Iran and Movarounnakhr to conquer these lands. Currently, the historical and architectural ensemble also includes a museum, which collection includes 2,000 artifacts, room for ritual meals (ehsonhana) and room for the imam of the mosque as well as a small orchard. Central facade of the mosque has a high portal with lots of complicated decorative arches and Arabic inscriptions. The dome is mounted on the drum and has majolica turquoise. Inside the mosque all the walls, columns and portals white with carved plaster ornaments. The mausoleum was built in the early 19th century. Currently, this complex attracts hundreds of tourists. A large number of wedding couples visit this place in order to be photographed at the famous architectural complex.
Zaamin locale is situated in the mountains of Jizzakh area (Uzbekistan), at a height of around 3000 meters above ocean level and has a long history, as prove by the vestiges of palaces and legends, which for a considerable length of time, going from mouth to mouth, have survived. However, above all else, this area is profitable for its interesting nature: pine backwoods, medicinal air, and so on. There are recreational assets, on the premise of which it is conceivable to create numerous sorts of tourism. The National Park - is a characteristic wellbeing focus, a most loved diversion range of occupants. The recreation center makes a most extreme of conditions and offices for ecotourists. There are more than 50 types of therapeutic and sustenance plants in the recreation center. One of the attractions of national park is a colossal, towering red rocks in a clearing in the Kyzyl-ataksay different whimsical structures looking like sphinxes. Nearby individuals call this spot "Kyrkkyz", which signifies "forty virgins". The figures comprise of aggregates and sandstones. They are extremely cleaned in some spots, once in a while have extensive and little splits, which develop different bushes. Entertainment territory for amusement and tourism gave the sanatorium "Zaamin" and many close-by resorts, visitor houses and camps. There are waterfall, dedication wood - walnut, whose age is 270-300 years of age, tallness - 20 m, width of the crown - 28 meters, the measurement of the barrel - 2.7 m around there.