KHIVA - Open-Air Museum
Khiva- a unique city, rightfully claiming the little of “the seventh wonder of the world”, thanks to its authentic atmosphere of the era of the beginning time, “most of the city of Khiva is similar to the open-air museum”. We offer cultural tours to Khiva, Uzbekistan’s top travel destination. Today, tourists flock to see Khiva - the most homogeneous example of Islamic architecture in the world, which is full of stunning mosques and madrassah. Its historic center – Ichan Kala has been listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. There are a big number of madrassahs in Khiva: Allakuli-khan, Amir-Tura, Khurdjum maddrassahs, the education institutions of Arab-khan, Mukhammad-Amin-inak, Kutlug-Murad-inak, Abdulla-khan, Matniyaz-Divan-begi, Mukhammad Rakhim-khan and Shergazi-khan. The excursion along Khiva will not go without the visit to the residence of Khans – Kunya-arc, Mizdakhan complex and Anush-khan bathhouses. Tour in Khiva is a walk in the city-museum where every old building and every narrow street tell you about the history.
Itchan Kala (“internal fortress”) is formed the internal city of Khiva. The boundaries of Khiva yet did not change from 16-17th centuries. The clay walls of the long of 2200 meters and height of 7-8 meters surround to Itchan Kala. Wall was fastened and protected by semicircular towers and served as protection city. Defensive walls of Itchan Kala protected Khiva up to the invasion of Nodir-Shah in the middle of 18 centuries. The Iranian troops broke into Khiva and sisema of strengthenings was partially destroyed. Kungradskaya dynasty assisted to the expansion of the boundaries of Khiva and in 20th centuries its area became 15 times more than area of Itchan Kala. Itchan Kala it is the historical center of Khiva, and fortress was introduced into the list of the objects of world heritage UNESCO. In the very of Itchan Kala of approximately 60 architectural monuments: palaces, mosque, to medresse, minarets and mausoleums. Fortress Kunya-ARK was elevated in Itchan Kala in 17th century. Each of 4kh of walls of Itchan Kala has gates (darvoza). Western gates Ata-darvoza, are located next to Kunya-ARK, northern-Melon-field-darvoza-on the way to Urgench, eastern-Palvan-darvoza of Veduta into Khazarasp and to river the Amu-Dar'ya, and southern gates-Tash-darvoza of veduk to the desert of Karakum. Ata-darvoza was destroyed in 1920 and restored in 1970.
Mausoleum of Pakhlavan Makhmud
A delightful emerald green arch was finished with a huge metal finial denote the Mausoleum of Pakhlavan Mahmoud – the holiest site in Khiva. It is the holy place of Khiva's benefactor holy person, Pakhlavan Mahmud, who was a hide cap producer and an acclaimed artist of Khiva, and the dynastic internment complex of the Khiva Khans. Pakhlavan Mahmud was likewise an eminent wrestler, winning each and every of his wrestling matches and also the hearts of the Khiva natives who assembled an unobtrusive tomb for him on the site of his furrier workshop. The outfit lies south of Khiva's celebrated around the world Allah promotion Din tomb, close to the Islam Khodja Complex in the Ichan-Kala (inward post). The perplexing today comprises of a domed devout corridor (khanqah), yard and entryway structure (darvaza khana) along north-south hub, with a late spring mosque, Quran perusing rooms (qori khana), kitchen and other subordinate structures masterminded on either side. The inside of Pakhlavan Mahmud's Mausoleum shows a variety of Khiva's extremely popular woodcarving, earthenware painted enhancement, metal pursuing and decorate make conventions. The greater part of the unpredictable's fundamental rooms were confronted with painted majolica tiles in 1825 under the support of Khiva ruler Allah Kuli Khan. The wooden entryways are perfectly cut and decorated with copper and ivory. The latticed metal grille at Muhammad Rahim Khan's headstone is especially huge. Today the Pahlavan Mahmud Mausoleum is deliberately protected as a national social fortune. The World Heritage Status presented on the Ichan-Kala in 1991 has pulled in expanded world consideration and started a few preservation ventures.
Shergazi – Khan Madrasah
One of the most seasoned madrasah of khiva is Shergazi Khan Madrasah. It was inherent the XVIII century, situated in the focal point of Itchan-Kala. As indicated by legend, madrasah was worked by slaves for one year, caught by Shergazi-Khan amid the assault of Khorasan and Meshhed. After the development, Shergazi-Khan guaranteed to free hostages, however his guarantee wasn't kept. Accordingly, incensed detainees slaughtered Shergazi-khan in his own particular unfinished madrasah. The stylistic layout of the building is without magnificence and very basic. As a result of awful passing of Khan, madrasah wasn't done. It is one-story working except for two-story building incorporating a yard with four ayvans, a corridor for addresses and complex of vestibules. The tomb was connected toward the west corner of the principle façade of madrasah. Shergazi-Khan Madrasah is one of the most seasoned and stupendous structures in Khiva. There is a complex of korikhana structures close to the burial ground of Pahlavan-Mahmud Memorial. Korikhana is medieval inns for adherents. The dates of starting and completing of the sepulcher development can be found in the investigative works of student of history Munis.
Allakuli Khan Madrasah
Allakuli-Khan Madrasah, situated between Ichan-Kala eastern entryway and the roofed bazaar Tim, was one of Khiva biggest religious schools previously. The development of the madrasah in 1834 - 1835 was subsidized by the khan Allakuli who ruled in Khiva then. The building is fairly viewed as one of the best case of Khorezm medieval design. The madrasah indicates impeccable agreement of custom, extent and size. The gateway and curved specialties are essentially but then richly brightened with blue and dark keeping in mind Khorezm-style majolica. The main floor of the madrasah housed the town's library in the nineteenth c. It was extremely well known with the understudies of Khiva madrasahs. Today Allakuli-Khan Madrasah houses The Abu Ali ibn Sino Medical History Museum.
Kalta – minor minaret
Kalta Minor is a notorious image of the city of Khiva in Uzbekistan. This short yet forceful stump of a minaret is situated before the façade of Muhammad Amin-khan Madrassah and is secured with lovely blue and green tiles that pointedly differentiate the adobe hued structures it remains by. The minaret was begun by Mohammad Amin Khan, the leader of Khwarezm, in 1852. As per legend, he needed to fabricate a minaret so high he could see the distance to Bukhara. This is most likely only a story in light of the fact that Bukhara is about 400 km away. Regardless, the minaret should be exceptionally tall. Some say it was intended to be 70 - 80 meters high, while others trust it was much higher – 110 meters. This would have made Kalta Minor the tallest structure in Central Asia, if finished. Be that as it may, three years after development started, Mohammad Amin Khan was executed in the battle with Turkmens in Serakh, and his eager undertaking reached an end. What was left was a 26 meters tall stump with an enormous base of 14.5 meters in distance across. After some times, local people started to call it the Kalta Minor or the "short minaret".
Muhammad Amin – Khan Madrasah
Muhammad Amin Khan Madrasah is the best madrasah in Khiva, as well as in all Central Asia. This two-story building was worked by Muhammad Amin Khan from 1851 to 1854. Structural landmark is situated in the western piece of Ichan-Kala, the door Ata Darwaza. Madrasah has 125 hujras, where held up to 260 understudies. Design of the building is rich and lovely. The entry has a square yard and brightened with five vaults. There are group of onlookers, winter and summer mosques, library and numerous different rooms. Unmistakable component of the building engineering are curved corners, organized around the external border of the building. Building and elaborate works are made in national Uzbek conventions. The minaret is enlivened with geometric examples of hued blocks. The stylistic theme is additionally comprises of fancy cutting and ganch cross sections. The gateway of the principle façade is embellished with majolica and examples of shaded coated blocks. Presently, madrasah includes diverse facilites, for example, cafe, travel organization and ticket workplaces. Sightseers can appreciate seeing it, and utilize its comforts.
Islam Khoja Complex
Islam-Hoja Minaret was implicit 1908 by Islam-Hoja of the Prime Minister of Khan. The minaret is an image of the nation, is an early case of the design of the XIV century. The development was finished in 1910. The acclaimed Kalyan Minaret is mediocre compared to the stature of Islam-Khoja Minaret. Its tallness is 56 meters and a base width is 9.5 meters. Trunk of the minaret is made of blocks, designed with white and blue tiles made of coated clay. Islam-Khoja Minaret is the tallest structure in Khiva, noticeable from anyplace in the city. In the wake of ascending to the highest point of the minaret, you will see the most lovely display of the eastern children's story city Khiva. There is a madrassah of the same name situated close to the minaret. In the south-eastern part there is a mosque with a low enormous arch. There are 42 hujras and an extensive domed corridor in the madrassah. Madrassah Islam-Hoja is an exceptional building mind boggling, mirroring the impact of the time and the soul of inventive motivation of experts. Designers authority is seen interestingly blends of structural structures. You will be struck by the magnificence corner mihrab enhanced with majolica and cutting. Today, it is difficult to envision Khiva without Islam-Khoja Minaret and Madrassah. This eminent engineering complex is the pride of the neighborhood individuals and a standout amongst the most venerated destinations of Khiva.
Kunya - Ark Citadel
Kunya-Ark «old castle» was implicit the end of seventeenth century in 1686-1688 by Anushakhan's child Arangakhan. The aggregate size of the fortification is 130х93 meter. The fortification incorporated a corridor for authority gathering, khan's office, mosques, mint, and additionally numerous different storehouses. Today, there are just a couple of structures of Kunya-Ark post: kurinishhona (space for gathering of individuals); Ak-Sheik Bobo's phone; the eastern entryway with space for guarding; summer and winter mosques and collection of mistresses. Ak-Sheik Bobo's cell was staying of Ak-Sheik Bobo. Later it served as perception tower and a stockroom where explosive was put away. Kurinishhona building was inherent the years 1686-1688 by Arang Khan. Be that as it may, amidst the XVIII century, amid the intrusion of Iranians it was annihilated. In 1804-1806 the building was raised by Eltazur-khan. Kunya-Ark mansion comprises of a few rooms: ayvan, room with a throne, outside patio and in addition spaces for Khan's fortune, original copies and spaces for rest. Presently the throne is in the exhibition hall of Moscow. Array of mistresses is situated in the northern part of the Kuna-Ark, was worked amid the rule of Muhammad Rahim Khan II. There are numerous living quarters in the patio. Complete zone of the group of concubines is 33h62 meter. Sheik Akshih baba's tower is situated close to the Kunya-Ark stronghold. The primary part of the complex was inherent the XIX century. Amid the unearthings there were discovered sections of earthenware and old coins of a prior recorded period. Kunya-Ark post was inherent Uzbek customs so this heavenly building complex is an authentic landmark, as well as a show-stopper.
The establishment of the Ak-mosque ("White Mosque") was established in 1647 with the shower Anush Khan. There are engravings on the entryways of the mosque, reminding that the building dates from the years 1838-1842, and also the names of Khiva woodcarving experts: Nur Muhammad, the child of Adin Qalandar, Kalandar, the child of Seyid Muhammad. The mosque comprises of a domed lobby with three displays. There is a mihrab-nich on the south side, arranging religious persons to Mecca. The embellishment of the mosque has a considerable measure of intriguing components with exquisite and unique cutting. Domed room (6,35X635m) is encompassed by multi-section ayvans with mihrab corner. Cut wooden segments are the fundamental component of the design, which were made by the most noticeable bosses of Khiva. The dividers of the building are designed with wonderful cut alabaster. In any case, the name of the mosque is related with that as well as with the way that the building possesses the ordering position among alternate structures in this quarter. As per chronicled information, the starting point of the name of the mosque is because of the way that once there was a mosque, the remaining parts of which can be found under the specialties of the advanced Ak-mosque.
The house of God mosque of Khiva, also called Djuma-Mosque, is situated in Itchan-Kala out and about driving from the doors of Palvan-darva-za to Ata-darvaza. It is a commonly age-old mosque with a level roof on sections which has no simple in Central Asia. Antiquated Arabian mosques had a comparable design. Today's building was developed in the eighteenth century. Moonlight through three gaps in the roof and cut wooden segments make a selective climate for supplication. There are two hundred and twelve sections. The larger part of them were cut from tree trunks in the eighteenth nineteenth hundreds of years. Some of them were produced using demolished medieval structures. The most antiquated segments may be taken from the medieval Khorezm Capital, Kyat lay, at the base of the Amu Darya. Twenty one segments date from the tenth twelfth hundreds of years and have Arabian engravings in Kufi. Four sections are reminiscent of the segments in Bagbanly Mosque with engravings in Naskh. The sections of the18th-nineteenth hundreds of years are very much perceived because of Khiva's commonplace flower vegetative example.
Tosh Hovli Palace
The Tosh Hovli
Palace is a standout amongst the most captivating spots inside the old city. The
castle was charged by Allah Kuli Khan as a feature of an eager building venture
which incorporated a caravanserai, tim and madrassah. Plans for the luxurious
new house were laid in 1831 which consolidated a tight two year building plan.
It remained a living arrangement of the Khans until the 1880's when Mohammed
Rakhim Khan II came back to the Kunya Ark. Tosh Hovli signifies «Stone Court»
and was alleged not on the grounds that the building was made of stone but
rather in light of the fact that it was produced using stone-hard blocks, as
opposed to the typical dirt. Its stark, austere dividers hide a stunning cluster
of 163 rooms inside three fabulous tiled courts. There were two doors into the
castle. The principle entryway was for guests. They would enter through the
door into the primary hallway and from here go into the «Ishrat Hovli» where
the Khan got organization or the «Ovoz Hovli» (actually «Voice Court») where he
apportioned equity. This entryway was
likewise utilized by male relatives of the Khan's collection of mistresses who
could meet their hidden girls or sisters under supervision just at the door
itself. The door was for hirelings and trade men and was arranged on the south
mass of the castle. A thin section keeps running along outside the royal
residence which is cleared with the first uneven stone pieces indicating worn
notches of carriage wheels. Today both doors are shut and access to the castle
is through a uniquely manufactured access to the collection mistresses.
The Tosh Hovli Palace is a standout amongst the most captivating spots inside the old city. The castle was charged by Allah Kuli Khan as a feature of an eager building venture which incorporated a caravanserai, tim and madrassah. Plans for the luxurious new house were laid in 1831 which consolidated a tight two year building plan. It remained a living arrangement of the Khans until the 1880's when Mohammed Rakhim Khan II came back to the Kunya Ark. Tosh Hovli signifies «Stone Court» and was alleged not on the grounds that the building was made of stone but rather in light of the fact that it was produced using stone-hard blocks, as opposed to the typical dirt. Its stark, austere dividers hide a stunning cluster of 163 rooms inside three fabulous tiled courts. There were two doors into the castle. The principle entryway was for guests. They would enter through the door into the primary hallway and from here go into the «Ishrat Hovli» where the Khan got organization or the «Ovoz Hovli» (actually «Voice Court») where he apportioned equity. This entryway was likewise utilized by male relatives of the Khan's collection of mistresses who could meet their hidden girls or sisters under supervision just at the door itself. The door was for hirelings and trade men and was arranged on the south mass of the castle. A thin section keeps running along outside the royal residence which is cleared with the first uneven stone pieces indicating worn notches of carriage wheels. Today both doors are shut and access to the castle is through a uniquely manufactured access to the collection mistresses.
Toza Bog Palace
Two kilometers to south-west from Khiva, there is a late spring home of Khiva Khans of Kungrat tradition. The late spring habitation was inherent 1897 by request of the Khiva Khan Muhammad Rahimhan II. Muhammad Rahimhan started development of his late spring living arrangement Kibla Tozabog in 1897. The late spring habitation is a castle complex comprised of three yards of various sizes. In each yard there were expansive two-story houses adorned from outside with cut wooden sections. In the region of each yard there stand expansive ayvans with cut handrails and legs where the khan and his servitors used to have rest in the most smoking summer days. The royal residence complex is encompassed by sheds worked along its border. Each of the home castles is renowned for its building highlight. In the focal point of the principal royal residence there is a bowl in a type of a wellspring encompassed by flowerbeds. What's more there is a crowd of people corridor finished in an European style. One of the elements of this lobby is expansive windows which on a fundamental level are not ordinary for oriental engineering. Two different yards houses a khan's close to home chamber and his arrays of mistresses and also winter and summer mosques, madrassah, stabling and family unit structures. Every one of them are inherent a half-European style. In the meantime the engineering of the Kibla Tozabog castle protects the best conventions of the East and the building itself is encompassed with excellent shady greenhouses guaranteeing shade and cool in hot days. The Tozabog Palace was manufactured completely in blazed block. The living arrangement divider are finished with cut ganch and plated with gold. The entryways for the lobbies and chambers were made by exceptional request by the bosses pulled in from Russia. Tozabog - the Summer Residence of Khiva Emirs is a standout amongst the most delightful landmarks in Khiva of the XIX century.
Muhammad Rakhimkhon Madrasah
Muhammad Rahim-khan madrasah is found east of Kunya-Ark. The full name of khan is Said Muhammad Rahim Bahadur Khan. Nearby individuals called him Madraim Khan II. The development of madrasah was started by Seyid Muhammad Rahim Khan's request and was finished in 1876. The huge building comprises of 76 hujras, two yards, darshona, winter and summer mosques and library. It is a rectangular working with ayvan and little towers at the corners. Here the understudies considered philosophy as well as science. There were frequently held scholarly nighttimes – mushoira where one could hear the works of exceptional artists of Khiva. The yard is encompassed by one-story hujras inside which rules a two-story building. Its exterior is adorned with a goliath entrance, where you can see the remaining parts of blue majolica. There are high structures guldasta toward the edges of madrasah. Rahim Khan II was a gifted artist and rationalist who composed his works under the nom de plume Shah. Amid his rule there was held the change of customary instruction. On account of it, the principal schools showed up in Khiva, where other than Arabic letters in order and perusing the Koran, understudies contemplated common sciences. A standout amongst the most essential chronicled occasions came to fruition in 1873 amid the rule of Muhammad Rahim Khan. The imperial armed force of Russia attacked in Khanate, which was the reason for Russian protectorate in the nation. The fantastic building madrassah Muhammad Rahim Khan is one of the biggest instructive foundations in Khiva, ruling alternate structures of the city and helping the blossoming to remember craftsmanship and study of XIX century.