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Kokand is one of the focuses of the fruitful and thickly populated Fergana Valley. Kokand has been referred to subsequent to the X century as Kavakend and the focal point of band courses. Completely devastated by the Mongols in the XII century, Kokand was one of the biggest urban areas of the Bukhara Emirate in the XVI-XVII hundreds of years, and in 1740-1876 years - the capital of the Khanate of Kokand, achieved the top by the center of the XIX century.

The surviving old areas of the city were worked as a stronghold complex in the XVIII century on the site of the old fortification Eski-Kurgan. The primary sights of Kokand are the lofty royal residence of Khudoyar - Khan (1871), madrassah of Medresei-Mir (XVIII century), the structural outfit Dakhmai-Shokhon (1825), house-historical center of Khamza and various art workshops.

Historical Monuments

Khudayarkhan Palace

Khudoyarkhan Palace is a braced building, raised in 1871. The building zone is 4 hectares, width is 65 m. The entryway is embellished with two towers – guldasta, passageway entryways are beautified with cut majolica. There is a minaret on the left half of the mind boggling, secured with artistic tiles of shaded silks of Fergana. The room of darvazhona is improved with extensive Ganch design. The beautification of the troupe incorporates a wide range of conventional expressions and artworks. The roof is secured with cut depressions with brilliant examples. In 1924, there was opened farming presentation of the Fergana area. There was a sign with the name of Khudoyarkhan over the passageway, and also the minaret, designed with earthenware production was on the right side. The royal residence comprised of 119 rooms and 7 yards. The principle decoration of the royal residence was, obviously, the throne room. There likewise was a different space for the court, private room of Khan and his four spouses, and also the collection of mistresses with 40 courtesans. Khan's throne of valuable stones is in the Hermitage in St. Petersburg. Presently guests can see just demolishes of 19 rooms with two yards and mosaic trimmings on the veneer of the castle. Today, there is the nearby gallery, which holds a considerable measure of novel things.

Mausoleum Modarikhon

The historical backdrop of Modari-khan catacomb is associated with the Nadira-the acclaimed Uzbek poetess. The spouse and the mother of Kokand khans, she kept on assuming a remarkable part in the life of the court even after the demise of her significant other. Her verses turned into the most significant ownership of the Uzbek verse, while the structures developed by her requests have turned into the primary attractions of Kokand. At the point when quite a while later after the demise of Nadira's better half Umarkhan – the leader of Kokand, his mom likewise passed away, the poetess, as it befitted an ardent little girl in-law, requested to develop a catacomb over the tomb of her significant other's mom. Before long Modari-khan sepulcher turned into the internment vault for every one of the ladies of the khan's kinfolk. The engineering complex incorporated a domed development with an entry, a recognition mosque, and a fenced yard where headstone was put. In any case, subsequent to the development of the catacomb two centuries back, there has survived just an awesome passage structure. A little entry with a low arch and delicate vegetal trimming of majolica adornment encircling the principle passageway make the building look rich and well-proportionate. Curved corner over the principle passageway is loaded with a course of snow-white ganch (gypsum mortar) stalactites. Two facetted towers flanking the façade promptly infer the pictures of Bibi-khanym mosque in Samarkand as though suggesting the way that both structures were committed to extraordinary ladies. To one side, on one of the hexahedral tiles, the planner left the date the tomb was developed – Hijra year of 1241 (1825). A legend says that kulol-ceramists from Rishtan, and additionally neighborhood ganch fretwork experts participated in design of Modari-khan catacomb. The most vital in the style of the sepulcher is a stunning adornment of the internal vault. The skilled workers secured it with ribbed helix design made of ganch. Helix is a standout amongst the most ancient components known from pre-Islamic time. Madari-khan sepulcher really turned into the entombment vault for Nadira herself. In the 1840s the Kokand khans pursued consistent battle against Bukhara rulers for the responsibility for valleys and desert gardens. In 1842 Kokand fell under the onset of the adversary. Townspeople and workers couldn't leave themselves to losing flexibility and autonomy.