Margilan is a city situated in the east of Uzbekistan and in the south piece of Fergana valley, 10-12 kilometers from Fergana city. The principal composed information about Margilan is alluded to the X century. Around then the city was called "Marginon" and later both names were utilized similarly. There is no sure data about the starting point of the name of the city. Some toponymic experts assume that the name "Margilan" has appeared from "marg" which signifies "knoll", "meadow". Be that as it may, there is another European legend which identifies with the beginning of the city name. As per it, the inception of "Margilan" framed from two words "murg" (signifies "chicken" in Persian) and "non" (signifies "bread" in Persian) which Alexander the Great had for lunch. By the data in the book composed by Ibrat the city was established in 883. Some other reliable data expresses that Margilan was one of the critical stops on the Silk Road. The archeological exploration in the old piece of Margilan demonstrated that Margilan had been established 2000 years prior. By neighborhood confirmations there were 12 entryways of the city. Nearby individuals for the most part managed weaving glossy silk which is equivalent to silk fabric named "map book" in Uzbek. The silk fabrics of Margilan were generally purchased by the brokers of Egypt, Iran, Greece, Kashgar and China. In different periods the city was under the control of Temurids, Shaibanids and last it was a part of the Khanate of Kokand. It was caught by Russian troops in 1875. Later there were a few rebellions of the tenants of the city. In 1926 it transformed into a town of Fergana locale and later it turned into an area town. In Margilan, handicraftsmen were exceptionally prosperous in the generation of glossy silk precisely "khan chart book" from old times. Indeed, even one can get to know all phases of making procedure of «han atlas» amid the outing to the manufacturing plant "Yodgorlik" which implies «donation» deciphered into English from Uzbek. This is the one and alone production line which has still manual mode working from its initial starting.
Said Akhmad - Khoja Madrasah
Said Ahmad-khoja Madrasah is one of the attractions of Marghilan, which was inherent the end of XIX century. There is a mosque with ayvan, encompassed by hujras in the north-western corner. Old plane trees and a trench going through the yard, make shade and coolness here. Said Ahmad-khoja madrasah is one of the mosques in Fergana Valley, where the roof of ayvan and corridor is completely enhanced. The roof of the lobby is separated into red and green stripes, improved with blossoms and wavy sprouts. Cover of ayvan is designed in the same hues, however there is a little botanical example. An exquisite geometric example (zanzhira) isolates the surface of the dividers on the rectangular board. The fulfillment of the dividers beautification is a conventional two-shaded frieze, made in the method of "kyrma". These days adherents think about the Koran and the Hadith in the madrasah Said Ahmad-khoja. There are 26 hujras, where artisans are occupied with gold weaving, silk weaving (the assembling of floor coverings and map books), and additionally they make gems, metal and wooden items.