Termez is arranged in the south, on the fringe with Afghanistan, on the left bank of the Amu Darya River. Cutting edge Termez began in the XIX century on the site of the town Pattagissar and Russian wilderness post. Be that as it may, the historical backdrop of this locale is extremely rich - the principal settlements here date from the Bronze Age, and the old town, lying only west of the advanced Termez and totally crushed by the troops of Genghis Khan, considered as one of the biggest focuses of exchange and a noteworthy focal point of Buddhism.
The remaining parts of city dividers, the Buddhist religious cavern complex of Kara Tepe (II-III c), the leftovers of the primitive city of the IX-XII hundreds of years, Mazar – spot of journey (tomb) of Khakim at-Termezi (XI-XV hundreds of years.), the one of a kind building Kirk - Kiz ("forty young ladies"), the outfit of catacombs of Sultan Saadat (XI-XVII cc.), Kokidor-Ata sepulcher (XVI century), Dzhakurgan minaret (1109), Archeological Museum of Termez, and numerous Muslim and Buddhist structures of various ages are of interest. There is a great deal of old mines, passages and hole urban communities In the mountains encompassing the city, a large number of them have not yet been concentrated legitimately.
Kirk Kiz Monuments
A standout amongst the most amazing medieval landmarks from the post-Mongol period is Kirk-Kiz. Situated outside the dividers of medieval Termez, it was most likely the invigorated living arrangement of a respectable family. This noteworthy in place structure of the gth century, with a square design, with every side being 54 meters in length, distinctively reminds you a fortress with solid turrets. Nonetheless, the round and hollow turrets have no embrasures, and they are not associated with whatever remains of the château. The high dividers, splendidly adjusted to the four cardinal purposes of the compass, have thin windows at the level of the second floor. These windows look more like embrasures. The doors are in four profound corners, with curved embrasures above them. Within Kirk-Kiz is isolated by sections into four sections. An elbowed passageway from focal lobby or the yard prompted each of the parts; from the hallway it was conceivable to enter five substantial rooms. Every one of them were made of adobe blocks; their vaulted roofs were of various outlines - angled, domed,or torispherical. The designers who fabricated the building were extremely imaginative; they went a long ways past the compositional types of their time. They built up a complex arrangement of pendentives to bolster vaulted roofs. Their numerous vaulted lobby with arches was a striking case of the compositional customs of the fifth - eighth hundreds of years. In all likelihood, this structure was at first utilized as a nation living arrangement of the neighborhood ruler. It was all around invigorated to oppose adversary assaults. Be that as it may, later it was reproduced and turned into a hanaka on one of the Great Silk Roads. Here dealers and different explorers could discover cover from awful climate and scoundrels and also helpfully stow their products and oblige their oack creatures. It is fascinating that neighborhood individuals call the region of Kirk-Kiz and the close-by towns 'Shakhri Saman' which signifies 'The Samans' Town'.
Karatepa– religious focus, from Uzbek signifies "dark slope", arranged in the north-west corner of the old city Termez, its square is 7 hectares. The inside comprises of sanctuaries and religious communities, which were worked toward the start of the II century BC. The fundamental element of these edifices is the blend of hollow structures and land structures from mud and dry grass, furthermore of blocks. Buddhist focus Karatepa comprised of ground-hollow (western and southern crests Karatepa) and ground (northern top) structures. As indicated by the archeological inquires about, there was the second floor (there was discovered stairs). Limestone and cut ganj were utilized as a part of engineering enhancement. Inside of Karatepa was beautified with decorative painting on mortar and figures of earth. The best flourishing the religion focus Karatepa got in II-III hundreds of years, yet in the IV-V hundreds of years a large portion of the complex quit working. There are numerous photos and engravings on the mass of the sanctuary (in the Bactrian, Middle Persian, Sogdian, Syriac and Arabic dialects). Models of Budda and individuals are produced using earth, here and there from limestone. As Termez arranged in advantageous land position, it was assaulted by leaders of numerous states. In spite of Termez again restored and recovered its previous grandness.
Mausoleum of Al - Khakim At - Termizi
Al-Hakim at-Termiziy was one of the well known researchers of hadis science. He passed on in 869 AD. The researcher lived in the ninth century and kept in touch with some critical works. Till he was 25 he considered in the urban areas of Movorounnahr. When he was 27 he made haj (journey) and after that stayed in Baghdad where he proceeded with his instruction. Later he depicted this in his work "Bad'u Sha'ni Abu Abdulloh" which was committed to his own particular memoir. He likewise said in tnis book that he had not got adequate learning yet. In addition, he had known Koran by heart. He quieted his spirit by understanding it. Al-Hakim at-Termiziy was a researcher with profound information who demonstrated errors and deficiencies of different researchers in his works. Because of his profound basic considering, he touched upon the works of some Islamic scholars also, where he communicated his feedback by uncovering their slip-ups. Al-Hakim at-Termiziy composed more than 400 extremely valuable works. What's more, just 57 of them have achieved our hands. The accompanying works, "Nazoirul Qur'on", "Navodirul-usul", "Ursul-muvahiddin" and "Khatmul viloya" which are about aqoid (the measures which ought to be beUeved at), and "Isbotul-ilashish sharia", "Kitobul-manokhiy" and "Kitobu sharhis-salot" committed to matters of shariat had a place with his pen. The catacomb of the popular researcher al-Hakim at-Termiziy is arranged in Old Termez at the bank of the stream Amu Darya. Because of freedom al-Hakim at-Termiziy's tomb has turned into a consecrated spot of our country.
Kokildor Ata Mausoleum
Khanaka(holyabode)ofKukildor-ota-oneofthemostrespectedsightsofTermeza. Built in XI v., it is one of a few khanaka in central Asia, which is characterized by staggering imagination by the frontal composition, decorated by numerous bright patterns. The majesty of the architecture of khanaki Kukildor-ota speaks, that it was restored in XV v. - in the era of Temurid. Inside the building it stands numerous sepulchral plates. And under one of them lie the remains of holy Kukildor-ota - respected at the Muslim circles for the holy, great religious worker, who was being famous herself by his righteous life. Specifically, in its honor was built the complex of Kukildor-ota. The average men believed that, participating in the rite of remembrance to this saint, should be cut off itself the shred of hair. And this section of hair to grow until that time when the specific significant events will not occur in their life. Khanaka Kukildor-ota - majestic building with many rooms, finished by brick. As in the ensemble sultan Saodat, and in the complex atm(tech)-Termezi, is here used the style of the three-layer open facade, and structure is sustained in the harmonious symmetry. Facade is the monumental entrance, which leads in the large of halls with the enormous cupola, along both sides of which are specularly located the rooms. All the structure is richly decorated with improbably beautiful patterns from Hantzsch.
Zurmala is Buddhist stupa which was found in the north-east part of Ancient Termez. It was constructed in the era of Kushan, about in I-II centuries BC. Zurmala is located 10 km to the west of the current city. Its landscape is known for a whole complex of earliest Buddhist structures which covered agricultural fields in the middle Ages. Nonetheless, thousands of years ago the Stupa Zurmala played an important role for the local people of that region. From Sanskrit, the translation of the word «stupa» is «a heap of stones or a top». It is interesting to note that, the construction of later Buddhist Stupas took an action in Japan, Korea and China. Excavation of Zurmala shows that, the Stupa took place on a hummock, surrounded with white stones. In addition, the stupa itself is a cylinder-shaped tower with a diameter of 14.5 m. It was built of mud brick. The height of the construction is more than 16 m. The higher part of the tower had a hollow to store Buddhist scriptures, figures or Buddha relics. Outside, the Stupa was painted in bright red color. Zurmala was the first Buddhist memorial exposed in the area of Central Asia in the early XX century. Its connection with Buddhist culture was determined by A. Strelkov who was a member of its belonging to Buddhist cultic structures was identified by A. Strelkov, a member of scientific mission of the Museum of Oriental Cultures in 1927. Actually, approximately 20 memorials are located in the area of Uzbekistan.
Complex Fayaz-Tepais positioned at 4 kilometre's far from currentTermez. It is irregular square involves numerous buildings such as abbey, cuisine and big stupa. Entrance has two buddha pictures on its left side. Furthermore, guests can observe segments of clay monuments and sitting Buddha with two monastics on the floor. The monastery complex includes 13 rooms and courtyard with ayvan. The complex is provided with fire boxes for cooking, which are decorated with writings in Bactrian and Brahmi, Bactrian and other languages. In fact, R. F. Fayazov was the director of History museum of Surkhandarya and a participant of Buddha excavations and his name was given to the complex. Today, this complex is one of the most attractive open air museums in Uzbekistan and it is under the guard of UNESCO.
Jarkurgan Minaret is located in the region Jarko'rgo'n in Termez. It was constructed by Arabian masters in the era of Bactrian Kingdom. Indeed, it is the only memorial protecting the wizard’s name who invented it. It was constructed by Ali Ibn Muhammad al-Sarakhs in the years 1108-1109 AD. Its current height is 21.6 meters, diameter of 5.4 meters and its original height is 40 meters. It is assumed that, the construction was not finished or alternatively devastated. Construction of this minaret was operated in Hurosan style. Jarkurgan minaret is totally different from other Sogdian minarets. In the opinions of scientists such as V. A. Shishkin and M. E. Masson, real height of the minaret was 4o meters.
Sultan Saadat Mausoleum
Sultan-Saodat (Dominationof Seyid) is a faction remembrance perplexing, worked over XII-XVII hundreds of years. The outfit comprises of a few religious structures: mosques, tombs, khanaka. The architectueal complex comprises of 143 structures. The principal tomb was based on the northern edge of the complex. It alludes to the XI century. Here falsehoods the assortment of Hasan al Emir. The gateway of the building is delegated with an enormous vault of 15 meters. It the most astounding part of the troupe. Rather than the primary group, the inside of the second one is made much simpler, its dividers are smooth. In XIV century the primary veneer of the entryway takes an altogether distinctive perspective: the old stone work is changed to the new cleaned blocks. The underlying perspective of the mosque curve is obscure as it was reproduced all the time. Today, the family tomb of Termez Seyyid is a couple of sepulchers, which thus was a model for gathering Sultan Saodat. In XV century two new sepulchers were appended to the façade of two tombs. On account of the abnormal beautification and amazing size, the organization of the tombs is a superb engineering outline. Today, the reclamation work is done on the region Sultan Saodat complex. In spite of the radiant troupe was implicit diverse styles, it is recognized from different catacombs by its structure and embellishment.